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When and How to Harvest Garlic? 

 May 27, 2022

By  admin

Garlic is a vegetable that may be used in cooking, but it can also serve as an herbal remedy against many health issues. If you want to grow garlic and harvest your own, there are several steps involved when the time comes to plant them and prepare for growth.

Garlic planted in the fall will be ready to harvest by the end of winter. When you plant garlic, make sure that you plant it deeply so that it is covered with soil. Read more in detail here: when to harvest garlic planted in fall.

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Garlic is a bulb-producing perennial plant. It is a culinary favorite all around the globe because to its powerful taste. Garlic is a Central Asian relative of onions and shallots.

Garlic is a popular plant among gardeners because of its therapeutic benefits. However, growing it may be difficult, particularly if you have never done it before. Many gardeners are perplexed about when to harvest and cultivate garlic, which requires patience.

Garlic will be ready to harvest in around eight months if properly grown and cared for. As a result, it’s critical to be aware of the whole growing and harvesting cycle, or you risk losing months of development. Garlic, when grown properly, may be a fantastic addition to your current garden plants.

Garlic is one of the simplest crops to keep and enjoy in the winter, and in warmer locations, it may be cultivated all year.

In this post, we’ll show you how to produce garlic quickly and when to harvest it.

Garlic Varieties

As a result, there are three common garlic varieties:

  • Hard-neck garlic is a tough kind of garlic that thrives in colder climates. It does not, however, store well. It has a moderate taste and just one clove ring around its stem.

    Green stems, commonly known as scapes, are seen on hard-neck garlic. After being harvested, scapes are utilized as food, and removing them does not need shifting the subterranean garlic bulbs.

    German Red and Korean Red are two hard-neck garlic varietals. 

  • Elephant garlic is closely related to leeks and has only four cloves per bulb, hence it isn’t considered a legitimate garlic type. It is also known as great-headed garlic because of its huge bulbs.

What is the Best Place to Plant Garlic?

Garlic should be grown in full sunshine if possible. Loose, humus-rich soil works well if it is adequately drained and has a pH of 6.0 to 7.0. If you live in an area where the ground freezes over during the winter, grow the garlic on raised soil beds.

A mesh bag, garden fork, and kitchen scissors are some of the gardening equipment you’ll need to plant garlic.

When Should You Plant Garlic?

During the first two months, garlic plants need cooler temperatures (32 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit). These months are crucial for root development as well as bulb formation. 

  • After the first few of months, hotter weather has less of an impact on garlic development and maturity. 
  • Garlic should be planted in the spring when the earth is still chilly. Four to six weeks before the last spring frost is ideal. When the earth is no longer frozen and suitable to deal with, you may start planting garlic. Garlic may be harvested four to five months after planting if it is planted in the spring.
  • Garlic may be planted in the late summer and fall when the earth has begun to chill. Make careful to plant it at least six weeks before the earth freezes. This will result in harvesting throughout the summer months. 

Garlic Plant Spacing and Planting

The following is a step-by-step procedure for planting garlic:

  1. Garlic cloves or bulblets may be used to start a garden. Place the cloves in the soil with the plump, root side facing down and the pointy top piece facing up.
  2. The spacing between each clove or bulblet should be six to eight inches. At least a couple of inches of depth is required. A spacing of up to twelve inches between each row of garlic is required.
  1. One tablespoon of commercially available 5-10-10 fertilizer may be used as fertilizer. Bone meal and fish meal are two options. While planting the garlic, place them at the bottom and cover with earth. 
  2. At first, plant twelve to sixteen garlic pods. If you’re using garlic that was gathered earlier in the season, be sure to plant the thicker exterior cloves. 

Watering

Garlic is a relatively low-maintenance plant that simply requires enough water to keep the soil around it wet. There is no need to be concerned if the soil freezes over during the winter months. The roots will begin to develop again as soon as the earth thaws. Continue to hydrate the soil at this point. Make sure the soil isn’t too damp, however.

Bonus read: If you’re planning to produce snow peas, these 14 pointers will come in handy. 

When the bulbs achieve maturity, it’s crucial to cut down on the watering. Before harvesting, the soil must be dry for at least three weeks or a month. Knowing when to harvest garlic is critical since the flavor of the garlic is highly influenced by this factor. 

Feeding

Remember to feed your garlic plants biannually with well-aged compost. Commercially available organic planting mixtures may also be used instead of compost. 

To help growing leaves grow faster, spray them with kelp extract or fish emulsion.

If you use a fertilizer, take in mind that nitrogen-rich fertilizers diminish garlic’s taste characteristic. For the best results, 5-10-10 fertilizers are recommended.

Plants for Companionship

Companion planting is the practice of growing various species of plants or crops next to one other in the same plot of land. Planting diverse plants close to one other has numerous advantages, including pest control, pollination, effective use of gardening area, and protection from spring frost.

Corn, squash, and pole beans are the most common companion planting combination, according to research.

Here are seven plants that go well with garlic:

  1. Cabbage: Cabbage and garlic make for wonderful Plants for Companionship as garlic repels a number of cabbage pests, like loopers, moths, and worms. 
  2. Chamomile: It is thought that planting garlic beside this herb improves the taste of garlic.
  3. Garlic near the base of fruit trees helps protect them against illnesses like leaf curl, as well as aphids and mites.
  4. Garlic helps peppers grow by avoiding mold and wilt by keeping unwanted fungi at bay.
  5. Roses: To get rid of rose pests like spider mites, ants, and snails, put garlic cloves in a ring around your rose plant.
  6. Rue is a potent plant that also works as an insect repellant. It will keep maggots and flies away from your garlic plants.
  7. Tomatoes: Planting tomatoes and garlic together will not only help fend against pests such as spider mites, but it will also ensure that both plants are ready to harvest at the same time.

By the way, here are some amazing Plants for Companionship for growing with tomatoes.

Pests and Diseases of Garlic

Several pests and diseases may attack and destroy your valuable garlic plants. These are some of them: 

  1. Onion thrips: These critters feed on garlic, which is a relative of the onion plant. Simply spray them with a strong stream of water to keep them away.
  2. Maggots or wireworms: If this is a persistent issue, always plant your garlic with parasitic nematodes in the soil.
  3. Bulb mites are a frequent pest of plants in the Allium genus, and they may be prevented by soaking garlic cloves in hot water before planting them.
  1. Leafminers leave a white stripe on the leaves, making them simple to see. If you observe this streak, remove the leaves that have it right away. To stop the spread, get rid of any weeds in the area. Installing floating row covers to avoid pests is also a good idea.
  2. Mildew may begin to develop in damp, wet conditions. Ascertain that the plants are dry and that the atmosphere has a reasonable moisture level.

Garlic Plant Maintenance

If you don’t want your hard work to go to waste, you must take care of your garlic plants. Your plants will be pest and disease-free if you take proper care of them. 

Most pests and illnesses may be prevented by weeding plant beds on a regular basis and feeding the plants with well-aged compost mulched around them.

Pinch the flowers away from hard-neck garlic types to drive development toward bulb formation. Also, before the first cold of the season, cover the plant beds with hay or straw to protect your garlic plants from the elements.

When Should Garlic Be Harvested?

How should you know When Should Garlic Be Harvested? The easiest way to check is by lifting a couple and breaking them apart. If you find that the bulbs are not yet segmented into cloves and cannot be separated, check back in a couple of weeks.

Garlic bulbs that are ripe may easily be separated from their stems. Around two to three weeks after lodging, the tips of bulbs begin to dry up and become brown. This indicates that they will be ready for harvesting in the near future. Three-quarters of the bulb tips should be brown when harvested. The garlic skins must also be papery and thick.

The skins begin to degrade and come loose if they are kept in the soil for too long. As a result, the bulbs will be poorer and will not last as long. To avoid this, harvest a bit earlier rather than waiting too long. 

Take care while removing the garlic bulbs to prevent bruising or cleaving the skins. To do this activity, a garden fork will enough.

Allow up to a month for all bulbs to desiccate in an airy atmosphere until the skin becomes dry and papery. If you’re planning to replant garlic the next season, save the healthiest, thickest bulbs.

Garlic Growing and Harvesting Tips and Tricks

Each of these additional tips can help you achieve a respectable harvest:

  • Make sure the cloves or bulbs you’re planting are healthy, plump, and disease-free before planting them.
  • Only the biggest exterior cloves should be planted.
  • Before planting, don’t remove the skins and be cautious not to damage the cloves.
  • Plant only garlic cloves that have been purchased from a gardening shop or that have been cultivated before. Keep in mind that store-bought garlic cloves may include growth inhibitors.
  • Garlic varieties native to your area are more likely to flourish in your garden.
  • To help garlic plants grow faster, sprinkle traces of blood meal on them.
  • Check the plants on a regular basis to ensure they are firm and free of illness or pestilence.
  • Plant strawberries beside them to help them grow – this is a terrific companion planting suggestion!
  • If you keep hard-neck garlic at freezing temperatures, it may stay up to seven months without rotting or decreasing in quality.
  • Bulb development and formation are aided by lodging or bending yellowing stems to the ground.
  • Any bulbs that will be saved for future planting should be kept in high-moisture environments to avoid drying out.

Questions That Are Frequently Asked

What if I harvest my garlic too soon?

If you remove garlic bulbs out of the ground before they’ve been fully segmented, they’re more likely to rot and be damaged. They will also shrink in size, and their skins will dissolve more quickly.

What if I wait too long to harvest my garlic?

Garlic pods that have become overripe begin to split and produce new shoots from each clove. Garlic should be utilized right once if it is plucked out of the ground late, since it will go bad sooner. This is due to the fact that late-harvested garlic has fewer protective layers and stores poorly.

Is it a good idea to let my garlic flower?

Garlic with a hard neck may flower and produce scapes or stalks. Garlic plants should not be allowed to blossom in order to produce better bulbs. 

When the scapes start to curl, they’re ready to eat as a vegetable.

When Should Garlic Be Harvested?

The leaves of baby garlic or garlic sown in the fall are harvested early. The taste of these leaves is similar to that of onions. Green garlic may be collected at any time throughout the early spring season, as long as the top leaves are still green and fresh. 

Checking the parts of leaves surrounding the bulb is a useful tip. The garlic is ready to be picked when two-thirds of those regions are dried and brown. Its leaves will be spread out and stretch all the way down to the ground.

Before eating, let collected bulbs to dry in the air for at least 3 weeks.

Conclusion

Garlic plants are a wonderful addition to any garden and are well worth the time and work it takes to develop and harvest them. You can have a robust supply of delicious, home-grown garlic with only a few basic ideas and methods in mind.

Garlic plants have a wide range of applications and advantages, ensuring that no food goes to waste. You’ll also be able to eat fresh vegetables that you’ve worked hard to raise as a bonus.

Hopefully, this article has clarified how to pick garlic and when to do it. If you’re still in the mood for some DIY gardening, have a look at our list of 16 unique air plants to cultivate (they have pictures too).

The “when to harvest garlic in texas” is a question that asks when it is best to harvest garlic. The answer will be based on the climate of your area.

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Emil Schoene


Born and raised in Austin, TX I come from a background of home renovation. By helping my family in my younger years with their construction business, I learned the ropes quickly and as I grew it became my passion that I still do today. Looking to share my knowledge with others. I invite you to leave comments on any post as I know you will have questions that you are not finding anywhere else.

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