How to Grow Roses from Cuttings? Complete Guide 

 April 17, 2022

By  admin

Learning how to grow roses from cuttings is not difficult if you follow the steps in this article. If you already know what a rose needs, skip ahead and start growing your own!

“How to grow roses from cuttings using potatoes” is the process of taking a cutting from a rose bush and rooting it in moist soil.

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Roses are beautiful in every setting and at any time. Giving a rose is appropriate at any time or in any scenario. More significantly, no garden is too little to benefit from the addition of a rose.  

However, growing this beautiful plant may not be as simple as it seems. Roses are quite finicky and troublesome, despite their ability to thrive practically anyplace. Growing from cut stems, in particular, might seem like a mammoth task.

There’s no reason to be concerned. Even if you’re a novice, we’ll show you how to produce roses from cuttings. Before we begin, we’ll go through each and every important issue to consider. Then we’ll go through each and every crucial phase in the developing process with you. Keep scrolling to find out more!

What Does It Take for a Rose to Grow?

how to grow roses from cuttings

Let’s go through the fundamentals of helping a rose survive in a garden or a container before we get into the cutting, planting, and growth process. Here are some things to think about:

Space & Pot

First and foremost, where should the rose cutting be planted? This isn’t anything you should be concerned about. Roses can grow almost anyplace that has adequate soil. As a result, we only advocate planting where there is at least 6 inches of soil depth. This applies to both gardens and potted plants.

It’s important to remember that there are hundreds of different rose varieties to choose from. Some like to grow in bushes, while others prefer to ascend like vines. This implies that regardless on the kind you choose, you’ll need to select the appropriate location.

A shrub type, for example, will require at least 20 inches of room to develop. A viny plant, on the other hand, will need a lot of room above it in order to develop without being stunted.

Soil & Fertilizer

While roses aren’t choosy about where they’re planted, they are particular about the soil. Roses need a soil that is rich, wet, and drains well. Otherwise, they won’t be able to develop as rapidly or as big as they should.

Roses, fortunately, have their own soil mix. It may be found at almost any plant nursery. You may make your own soil mix by mixing compost with garden soil if you don’t want to spend money on it.

In terms of fertilizer, a slow-release combination would suffice. To keep it even healthier and prospering, you may supplement it with liquid feeding.

Water & Humidity

Roses don’t need to be kept in wet soil to grow, but they do need to be watered properly. Because the plant consumes a lot of nutrients, they need to be kept wet. When the soil is moist, this occurs more quickly.

It’s important watering once every two days during hot seasons when the soil dries up quickly. The plant should be able to continue growing as long as the soil is wet.

It’s worth mentioning that roses like being in the presence of moisture. That is, they favor a humid environment with a humidity level of 40 percent to 70 percent. As a result, they like damp soil, so don’t allow it dry up.

Light & Air

Roses need a lot of sun, as well as steady humidity and good soil. Although they are not a full-sun tropical plant, they nevertheless need 6 hours of sunshine. 8 hours of daylight would be much better in overcast areas.

If you’re growing inside, it’s critical to have the right amount of light. They appreciate windy conditions, but if you’re growing them inside, expose them to sunlight.

Temperature & Environment

Anywhere between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit would be ideal for a rose to grow. They can, however, thrive in temperatures as high as 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

They do, however, dislike being in frigid surroundings. The rose will struggle in areas when the temperature is below 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Even worse, if the temperature drops below 32 degrees, they may perish.

Roses should only be planted in areas that are quite warm. If you live in a region where the winter temperatures are below freezing, bringing the rose inside and storing it in a warm room is a good idea.

When Should You Plant Rose Cuttings?

how to grow roses from cuttings

Growing a rose from a cutting may be done at any time. You may plant them at any time of year and expect them to flourish.

Roses, on the other hand, like the spring. Roses, like other blooming plants, thrive in humid environments with warm temperatures. This is why spring is such a good choice.

However, you may take cuttings and plant them at any time of the year. The rose should be able to grow in any direction.

The only thing to keep in mind is that pruning roses during their blooming season is not recommended. It is thus preferable to wait until the blossoms have faded before seeing roses in their full glory.

This is due to the plant’s current concentration on flowering, which leaves root development until later. As a result, the cutting will not go as expected.

Types of Cuttings to Think About

how to grow roses from cuttings

There’s one more thing to think about. The plant will have a different name and grow in a different way depending on when you take the cutting. We go through each one in further detail below:

Taking Softwood Cuttings (Spring & Summer)

You’re making a softwood cutting if you cut the stem in the spring or early summer. This indicates that the plant has a lot of leaves but few blossoms.

This is a fantastic cutting to get started with straight away. It will be simpler to complete the operation since the plant will not necessarily be flowering (fast growth and rooting.)

8 to 10 inch stems are recommended for trimming. Make the incision at a 45-degree angle to allow the roots to develop swiftly. Remove the stem’s leaves and blooms.

Taking Semi-Hardwood Cuttings (Late Summer & Early Fall)

Those who were unable to cut in the spring may still get cuttings in the late summer or early autumn. The stems are completely grown and are known as semi-hardwood cuttings.

Because the blooms are already dead, you won’t be able to see them (but you may see rosehips.) In any case, cut an 8 to 10-inch stem and remove the leaves and rosehips.

It will take longer to establish in the soil than a softwood cut, but it will still root quickly. More significantly, since the stem has developed, it expands quickly.

Taking Hardwood Cuttings (Mid-Fall & Winter)

If you want to start the rose in the winter or autumn, you should use a hardwood cutting. The stem will be semi-dormant here, which means it will take much longer to develop and establish itself in the soil.

It’s best waiting a few days after taking a clipping at this time before planting. To trim and plant, you should wait until the winter is nearly finished.

Cut the stem at a 45-degree angle, approximately 5 to 8 inches long, in either case. Choose a healthy stem for optimum development when the time comes.  

In ten easy steps, learn how to grow roses from cuttings.

how to grow roses from cuttings

It’s time to get your hands dirty now that you’ve learned about the many sorts of cuttings and what a rose needs to grow. Take a look at these instructions on how to cultivate roses from cuttings:

1. Gather the Materials

Even though the procedure is straightforward, you will need to have a few items on hand. Here’s what we suggest:

  • Shears or pruners
  • A container with a diameter of at least 12 inches (Optional)
  • Hormone that promotes rooting (optional)
  • Fertilizer in liquid form
  • Garden soil or potting soil (preferably rose mix)
  • a bottle or a plastic bag

For the task, you’ll probably need a few more things. However, depending on your requirements, you will have to choose them on the fly.

2. Select the Stem for Cutting

After you’ve got everything ready, it’s time to choose the stem you’ll use for the cutting. This stem should be about the thickness of a pencil and as straight as feasible. It should also be a ripe stem (ideally softwood), which is easy to snap with minimal effort.

Finally, make sure it’s a fresh stem. Previous year’s stems are frequently old and slow to develop, especially if blooms have grown out of them. It’s best to use a young stem with just a few leaves.

3. Cut the Hair

Cut off the stem you want to utilize for the work when you’ve found it. However, make sure you chop it according to the following guidelines:

  • Preferably pick a clean & healthy stem before cutting (better if it doesn’t have flowers or rosehips)
  • Before cutting, double-check that the stem is still fresh (green and fleshy instead of woody.)
  • It should be between 5 and 12 inches long (depending on the type of cutting.)
  • Using the pruners, make a 45-degree angle cut (it boosts root growth.)

You should now have the stem in your hands to plant. Cleaning things up is the next step.

4. Clean & Dip the Cutting

After you’ve chopped the stem to fit the plant, you should clean it up. This entails removing the cutting’s leaves, rosehips, and other unwanted elements. Follow these steps:

  • You should not remove all of the leaves. For optimum development, we suggest leaving a pair of two leaves. It would be much better if you could overlook the aged yet healthy leaves. This directs the stem’s energy toward roots rather than leaf production.
  • After you’ve sliced the leaves and other pieces, you may start dipping the cutting in water. We suggest doing this as soon as possible to ensure that the cutting remains wet.
  • Allowing the stem cutting to sit in the water for a day or two will make it simpler to cut later (in the preparation process below.)

5. Prepare the Rooting Mix

It’s time to prepare the stem for roots by placing it in a cup of water. Here’s what you should do:

  • To begin, make a small mixture of perlite, vermiculite, and water. This is the mixture you’ll use to grow roots on the stem.
  • Prior to doing so, cut the lowest section of the stem. Split the bottom of the cutting to encourage the stem to produce roots more quickly. Only around 2-4 inches of the stem should be separated. Leave the remainder to its own devices.
  • Reassemble everything in a jar or cup. Using water, dip the divided portion of the cutting into the mixture. After that, place the stem in the sun for a few weeks (usually 4 for the roots to appear.)

Now is the time to let the cutting root.

6. Apply the Hormone that promotes rooting (optional)

If you want to speed up the rooting process, the rooting hormone will be really beneficial. This is how you do it:

  • Moisten the split section of the cutting before putting it into the perlite mix with water.
  • Grab some rooting hormone and pour it in this region while it’s damp (2 to 4 inches from the bottom up.)
  • You may plant it back into the rooting jar/cup after the rooting region has been dipped in the gel, powder, or liquid hormone.

Allow it to absorb enough sunlight for a few weeks once again. The cutting will root more quickly (this may reduce the rooting time by up to 2 weeks.) It’s ready to transplant into ordinary soil after it feels secure in the rooting soil.

7. Get the New Soil Ready

You should inspect the cutting for roots after a few weeks. It’s time to place these roots in a rose soil mix after they’ve grown for around 1 inch.

However, you must first make this soil mix. Here’s what we suggest you do:

  • It would be perfect if you could get a rose soil mix immediately. If not, combine a portion of sand with garden soil and compost (a third part of each.)
  • To make the soil moisture-oriented, add perlite or grit to the mix. Don’t overdo it; the soil should still be able to drain effectively.
  • Mix the dirt until all of the materials are evenly spread. Use a spade or a comparable hand tool to complete the task.

When the soil is ready, you may start planting practically immediately.

8. Place the Rooting Stem in the Ground

You’ll need to grab a container or a spot in the garden to plant now that the stem is roots and the soil is ready.

This is a rather simple procedure. Follow these guidelines:

  • If you’re using a pot, fill it with soil to roughly three-quarters of its capacity (75 percent). Simply pour the soil mix into the desired area for gardening, digging beforehand to eliminate any unnecessary material.
  • Dig a 4-inch hole in the earth after the pot or place in the garden is ready. This opening should be large enough to accommodate the stem’s whole rooting region.
  • It’s critical to make this opening large enough for the roots to enter without breaking. You may also add extra rooting hormone (just make sure the hole is big enough so the hormone doesn’t get wiped out.)
  • If you’re planting numerous cuttings at once, keep them at least 6 inches apart in pots and 8 inches apart in gardens.
  • After inserting the stem, finish by filling the hole. Compact the region a little to make the rose cutting seem more secure.

You’ve completed the planting of the cutting. It’s time to give it some room to develop.

9. Keep the cutting safe as it develops.

Allowing a rose cutting to develop is more difficult than it seems. Because rose cuttings are particularly delicate throughout the establishing stage, this is arguably the most difficult step. You’ll need to build a greenhouse to keep it safe as it develops (a small area covered from exterior factors.) Here’s what you should do:

  • A plastic bottle (big enough to accommodate the growing stem inside) or a plastic bag may be used. In any case, the goal is to preserve moisture within the cutting in the garden or container.
  • The stem should be completely covered by the bottle or bag. We suggest keeping a little section open so you can pour water and the plant can receive enough air.
  • Make sure the plastic bag doesn’t contact the leaves if you’re using one. This is done to avoid stunted development and diseased leaves that don’t dry up.
  • To keep the sack solid, you may always insert a tiny stick or twig inside. This may also aid in the growth of a more stable stem.

The cutting should be able to establish itself in the container or fresh garden soil with this protection. It should only take a few weeks for the plant to feel stable and begin producing new leaves.

10. Monitor & Nurture the Cutting

Even though the plant is almost ready, you continue to look after it. We suggest that you do the following:

  • Keep the soil wet, whether in pots or gardens. At least once a day, or whenever the soil begins to dry up, water. Allow it to dry for a short period of time.
  • Check the stem on a regular basis, pulling on it to see whether it feels firm. The stem should be rigid enough after a few weeks that it doesn’t move at all.
  • Add some fertilizer after a month. We recommend Fertilizer in liquid form. Use it directly on the soil, so the plant keeps on feeding itself.
  • The plant should get enough sunshine each day. If you’re planting in a pot, make sure it gets at least 8 hours of sunlight. For a garden, it should be the same (get rid of plants that give too much shade.)
  • You may remove the greenhouse after a month or two, when new leaves begin to develop (bag or bottle.) The plant should now be able to grow without any protection.

There’s nothing further I can say about its upkeep. You should start seeing fresh blossoms within a few months, depending on the season you planted in the first location. If that’s the case, you’ve grown a rose from cuttings successfully.


how to grow roses from cuttings

You’ll understand that growing roses from cuttings isn’t the simplest of tasks now that you know how. However, after reading a tutorial like ours, the procedure will seem to be simple.

If you’re taking our advise, make sure you read and reread everything before you begin. Before you plant your roses and during the growth process, you should be well-informed.

Your roses will grow and blossom sooner than you think if you follow our instructions to the letter. Now, without further ado, get your hands dirty!

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The “how long to grow roses from cuttings” is a question that many people have. The answer is dependent on the type of rose and how they were grown, but most roses will take about 3-4 months to grow from seedlings.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take roses to grow from cuttings?

A: Roses take about 4 weeks from the time that they are cut to when they bloom.

Can you take a cutting from a rose and make it grow?

A: No, the cutting from a rose and making it grow is not possible.

How long does it take rose cuttings to root in water?

A: I am not able to answer this question.

Related Tags

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  • how to grow roses from cuttings without rooting hormone
  • how to grow rose from cuttings at home easy method
  • why are my rose cuttings dying
  • rose cuttings in winter

Emil Schoene

Born and raised in Austin, TX I come from a background of home renovation. By helping my family in my younger years with their construction business, I learned the ropes quickly and as I grew it became my passion that I still do today. Looking to share my knowledge with others. I invite you to leave comments on any post as I know you will have questions that you are not finding anywhere else.

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