6 Different Types of Golf Course Grass 

 April 19, 2022

By  admin

Golf courses are one of the most expensive investments in a home. With professional maintenance, irrigation and lighting costs, golf course grass can account for up to half your annual water bill! But choosing the right type of turf is essential if you want your investment to last and perform well year after year. Fortunately there are six types that work best depending on conditions such as altitude and soil composition.,

The “golf course grass type” is a term used to describe the different types of turf that are present on golf courses. There are six different types of grass that can be found on golf courses, and these types vary in their uses.

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Golf grounds with lush green grass are undeniably beautiful. Not only does a good course help with the game of golf, but it also adds to the overall aesthetic of the club. However, it’s worth noting that the kind of grass utilized on golf courses has a significant influence on the game.

Turf grass is the most common kind of grass used on golf courses. These grasses are man-made, and their variations differ by area based on their ability to withstand cold and heat. As a result, golf course designers chose grass with great care.

As a consequence, various aspects are taken into account while selecting the appropriate turf grass. Here, we’ll go through the many varieties of golf course grasses in depth, as well as their benefits and drawbacks.

Various Grass Types for Golf Courses

But, before we get into the meat of the matter, let’s have a look at the properties of these grasses.

In golf courses, what kinds of grasses are planted?

When it comes to golf grass, one question that comes to mind is why can’t normal grass be used on golf courses? What distinguishes golf grasses from ordinary grasses?


Toughness is one of the most important properties of golf grass. In light of this, most golf courses employ turf grasses, which can withstand high foot traffic without breaking down or being damaged.


The importance of golf course grass maintenance cannot be overstated. However, course designers often use grasses that can withstand extensive cuts. In other words, for a better golf experience, these grasses must be able to live even when trimmed extremely short.

Heat and Cold Tolerance

This is said to be one of the most important traits to look for when choosing golf course grass. Golf course grass must be able to stand tall regardless of the weather or temperature. Furthermore, in excessive heat, cold, or rain, golf course grass should not decay or get dried out.

Turf Grass compared. Natural Grass

The question then arises as to whether natural or turf grasses are better for golf courses. Depending on your preferences and other considerations like as upkeep, visual appeal, and so on, you may pick either natural or Artificial Turf Grass is a kind of grass that is made to seem like natural grass for your golf course.

Turf Grass (Natural Turf Grass)


  • Turf Grass (Natural Turf Grass) can be grown from seeds
  • Seeds are easily accessible at a store or nursery.
  • For golf courses, the most common grass type is bentgrass.
  • It does not retain heat as well as artificial grass.
  • It provides a golf stroke with less resistance.


  • It must be cultivated on its own.
  • High upkeep was required, including mowing, watering, and pruning.
  • Extreme climate conditions may cause poor resistance.

Artificial Turf Grass is a kind of grass that is made to seem like natural grass


  • Maintenance-free
  • Attractive to the eye
  • There is no need to wait for it to develop.
  • Adaptable to changing climates
  • Durable
  • It has the ability to imitate the sensation of actual grass.


  • Heats up quicker than natural grass.
  • Joint discomfort and strains may be caused by the artificial surface.
  • It’s possible that it’ll have a detrimental influence on golf by adding extra resistance to swings.

Let us look at the various grasses used on golf courses while keeping all of the advantages and disadvantages in mind.

Various Types of Golf Grass

You may pick any grass to grow in your golf course, just as you can in your garden or yard. However, your decision will be influenced by elements other than your own preferences, such as the environment, climate, foot traffic, and so on.

The following are some of the most common grass alternatives that designers consider when selecting their chosen turf grass.

Bermuda Grass is number one.

Bermuda grass is the best grass to choose if your golf course is located in a hot or dry climate. Bermuda grass has a fast recovery rate and can survive drought, severe, and arid weather, which is one of its finest qualities.

Not only that, but Bermuda grass may also be cut rather deep to provide a better golfing experience for players. This grass is most suited to southern climes, where temperatures are greater and dryness is more likely.


  • Recovery time is short.
  • Adaptable to droughts
  • In hot and dry areas, it may stand tall.
  • Adapts well to southern climates
  • It can be mowed to a decent depth.


  • It is not possible to cultivate it in a colder environment.
  • Pests, insects, and illnesses have a low tolerance for them.
  • Shade intolerance

Zoysia is number two.

Zoysia grass is one of the most versatile grasses on the planet. It is drought-resistant and has a great tolerance for heat. However, this grass grows at a slower pace than most other turf grasses. However, if you live in the southern hemisphere, where the climate is scorching, Zoysia is an excellent option.

Another useful characteristic of Zoysia is that it grows thickly, eliminating weeds and withstanding heavy traffic. As a consequence, it is a common option for tees and fairways on golf courses.


  • Moderate care is required.
  • Can survive a hot, drought-prone environment
  • Allow for a lot of foot traffic.
  • Durable


  • Mowing may be difficult because of the thick and stiff stem.
  • It doesn’t have any vegetation all year.
  • It may become dormant in the autumn.

Bentgrass is number three.

Bentgrass, in contrast to Bermuda grass, thrives in cooler climates. If you live in an area where the weather is likely to grow cooler, you should choose Bentgrass for your golf course.

Another advantage of this grass is that, like Bermuda grass, it may be mowed to the ground without being injured. As a result, golfers will have a better swing experience.

Bentgrass is also more often seen on golf course fairways. It can withstand strong traffic because it grows thick. Bentgrass is also best suited to warmer northern climates since it does not need much water to flourish.

The Northeast, much of the Midwest, and the Pacific Northwest are all good places to cultivate this grass.


  • It’s best for chilly climates.
  • Can stand up to heavy traffic
  • Can be mowed to a depth of several inches
  • To grow and flourish, it does not need a lot of water.


  • It is impossible to grow and sustain in hot climates.
  • Diseases and pests are a concern.
  • It needs a lot of upkeep.

Fescue Grass (#4)

Fescue grass is best suited to areas with both chilly and warm weather. In other words, if you live in a region with mild climatic conditions, the likelihood of you planting Fescue grass on your golf course is high.

This grass has a pleasant appearance and feel, and it is often used on golf courses. Fescue grass may also be grown at home if you want to create an in-house golf course.

Because this grass grows swiftly, it can only be found in unmowed portions of the golf course.


  • Suitable for mild climates.
  • It does not need any winter upkeep.
  • able to handle high traffic


  • In a hot environment, it will become brown.
  • During the summer, it’s possible that you’ll need to overseed.
  • Vertical growth may need regular mowing.

Ryegrass is number five.

Another common turf grass in cool climates is ryegrass. This grass thrives in cool-summer climates. Ryegrass is primarily cultivated on tee boxes and fairways because of its slow growth and delicate texture.

Ryegrass, when fertilized, has a distinctive deep green hue and can sustain considerable traffic. On the other hand, if temperatures dip below freezing, most annual Ryegrass will die.


  • It’s suitable for cool-summer climates.
  • It’s got a nice texture to it.
  • On fairways and tee boxes, it grows nicely.
  • When fertilized on a regular basis, it seems to be visually pleasing.
  • Turf grass that can withstand the most traffic
  • Resistance to disease and insects is high.


  • It is susceptible to winterkill.
  • It can’t be mowed too close to the ground.

Poa Annua (#6)

Poa Annua, or just Poa, grows in a rainbow of hues on a large scale. However, due of its invasive character, it is not as popular as the other turf grasses on our list. Regardless, golf courses on the Northern and Western coasts favor Poa Annua for the color it provides to the ground.

One of Poa’s major disadvantages is that it has a shallow root system, which makes it less durable. Poa also needs frequent hand watering, which may be time-consuming.


  • It looks fantastic.
  • Produced on a larger scale
  • In darkened places, it performs better.
  • Can handle a lot of traffic
  • Thick and vigorous growth


  • Hand watering is required.
  • Natural encroachment
  • It is less durable because of its shallow roots.
  • If not treated properly, it might lead to infestation.

Grass Maintenance on Golf Courses

There is no one optimum golf course grass, and each of the above-mentioned kinds needs low to moderate upkeep.

You’ll need to concentrate on certain management tasks like mowing, watering, and so on to keep your grasses green and thick. As a result, we’ll concentrate on the golf course grass management procedures in this part.


The look of a golf course is meant to be smooth and level. However, appearances may be misleading, and even if a golf course seems to be level, it may still have lumps and dips.

You’ll need to topdress your golf course to solve these problems. To level out the uneven surface of the course, put a layer of sand to the grass. Depending on your preference, the nature of the course, and availability, you may use a variety of top dressings.


After you’ve finished topdressing your golf course, the following step is to cut the grass. Due to the necessity for a smoother surface on golf courses, the grass must be mowed deep.

When mowing, keep in mind that in high temperatures and humidity, mowing should be done at a higher height. To reduce any environmental stress on the grass, double cutting should be avoided.


The importance of watering your golf course grass cannot be overstated. A well-irrigated golf course will seem lush and exotic without a doubt. Watering should be done according to the kind of grass being used, the soil, the climate, and other criteria. During the summer, Bermuda grass, for example, requires around 1 inch of water each week. As a result, over watering may cause the grass to decay.

Spring Training is a time when athletes prepare for the

Spring is an excellent time to improve the strength, health, and resilience of your golf course grass. To keep weeds, insects, and illnesses at bay, you may use techniques like putting down plant-protective materials.

Getting Rid of the Ball Marks

When golf balls descend from the sky, they leave depression scars on the turf. The course may seem uneven as a result of these markers. Golfers may then misdirect their putts as a result of this. As a result, it is essential to erase the ball markings on a daily basis.

This is one of the most important golf course maintenance duties to guarantee that players have a better golfing experience.

Divots should be repaired.

It is possible that golfers may cut the grass during their golf strokes. This problem, on the other hand, is mostly faced by high-traffic golf courses.

As a result, it’s critical to repair high-traffic golf courses on a regular basis to control divots, which may spoil an otherwise enjoyable game.

Controlling pests

Golf facilities often experience “turf damage due to bugs.”

As a result, chemical treatments are necessary to limit the risk of pests and insects infesting golf courses. Other options for controlling pests on your golf course include:

  • Refreshing the course by removing undesirable trees and bunkers.
  • Recognize the most common pests that harm the golf course so that better treatment may be planned.
  • Calculate your turf’s nitrogen requirements before looking for nitrogen treatments for your golf course.


Q1. What are the different kinds of grasses found on golf courses?

Ans. The grasses utilized on golf courses are often tougher than conventional grasses. They are also more durable, climate-resilient, and can withstand high foot traffic on a regular basis.

Q2. Is there a difference between golf course grass and typical lawn grass?

Ans. Turf grasses used on golf courses are not the same as grass found in lawns and gardens. Although you may use these turfs on your lawn at home, they have distinct features than regular grasses.

Please see the pages above for further information.

Q3. Is it possible to utilize golf course grass in our garden?

Ans. Golf course turf may be utilized in lawns and gardens at home.

Q4. What is the ideal kind of grass for the roughs and fairways?

Ryegrass is the best grass for developing roughs and fairways since it is hardy and can withstand tight mowing.

Q5. How can I maintain the grass on my golf course green?

Ans. Proper aerating, irrigation, and Controlling pests can manage golf course grass better. This, in turn, can help you keep your course greener and healthier.


By now, hopefully, you have gained a better understanding of the Various Grass Types for Golf Courseses and their pros and cons.

As previously said, there is no such thing as pristine golf course grass. And you’d have to study about grasses to figure out which one is best for you. For a better playing experience, it is also necessary to pay attention to the care of the grasses or turfs.

You may also refer to the list of the six most common golf grass kinds above before deciding on your favourite grass.

The “6 Different Types of Golf Course Grass” is a blog post that discusses the various types of grass found on golf courses. The article includes pictures and descriptions of each type of grass, as well as information about how they are used in different regions. Reference: golf course grass types california.

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Emil Schoene

Born and raised in Austin, TX I come from a background of home renovation. By helping my family in my younger years with their construction business, I learned the ropes quickly and as I grew it became my passion that I still do today. Looking to share my knowledge with others. I invite you to leave comments on any post as I know you will have questions that you are not finding anywhere else.

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