21 Types of Cactus Plants With Pictures 

 March 15, 2022

By  admin

Cacti are a succulent plant that thrive in arid climates. They grow best when grown indoors or outdoors and in soil with excellent drainage and air circulation. These plants come in many different shapes, colors and sizes, so it’s easy to find one that fits your needs!

Cactus plants are a type of succulent plant. They can be identified by their leaves, which typically have sharp edges and spines. There are many different types of cacti with different shapes, sizes, colors and flowering times.

There are affiliate links in this post. We may get a commission if you click and purchase, at no extra cost to you. For additional information, please visit our disclosure policy.

Get ideas for a desert garden by looking at numerous sorts of cactus plants!

Learn about the many types of cactus plants.

Cacti come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, ranging from 40-foot tree-like monsters to small 2-inch pot plants. We’ve highlighted many distinct varieties of cactus plants in this post to help you narrow down the options.

Some of the cacti are tiny enough to be used as houseplants. Others are bigger and more suited to growing in a desert or rock garden outside.

Cactus Plants Preferences

The majority of cactus plants thrive in arid desert environments with plenty of intense sun and little precipitation. Some cactus plants, on the other hand, thrive in damp rainforests. Before you purchase, make sure you know what circumstances your favorite cactus prefers.

Cactus Maintenance

Cacti need little care. They’ve evolved to thrive in the intense heat of a desert with very little water. They’ll be quite content to live inside if they have adequate light. They don’t need to be re-potted every five minutes since they grow slowly.

Cacti compost may be purchased at garden stores to assist your cactus plants grow. Make your own using a compost and grit or fine gravel combination (30 percent grit to 70 percent compost).

Cactus Plants of Various Types

We’ve picked out some Cactus Plants of Various Types we love, from tall, tree-like cacti for big gardens to tiny round cacti that thrive in the smallest of pots. Which ones do you like best?

Cactus Plants: 21 Different Types

Ferocactus glaucescens (Ferocactus glaucescens)

Blue barrel cactus, glaucous barrel cactus, glaucous barrel cactus

Plants of the Ferocactus genus are the well-known barrel-shaped cacti. The majority have little funnel-shaped blooms and are cylindrical.

The blue barrel cactus is a circular plant with yellow spines and 2 inch blooms from Mexico.

Echinocereus engelmannii is a species of Echinocereus.

Strawberry hedgehog cactus, Engelmann’s hedgehog cactus are two common names for the same plant.

This cactus stands out in a container garden because to its striking magenta blossoms. Strawberry hedgehog is a lovely name for a hedgehog that may grow up to 2 feet tall.


Orchid cactus is its common name.

Epiphyllum cactus produce sweet-smelling blooms and are excellent houseplants. They’re simple to cultivate. Some epiphyllums are nocturnal, meaning that they only bloom at night. In optimal outdoor settings, they may grow to be 10 feet tall.

Mostii Gymnocalycium

Chin cactus is its common name.

These Argentinian cactus are small and compact, making them ideal for container gardening. Gymnocalyciums are native to hilly areas. These little cactus can withstand temperatures as low as -12°C. On a sunny windowsill, it will thrive.

Myriostigma Astrophytum

Bishop’s cap cactus is its common name.

The blooms of this well called cactus are bright yellow with a crimson core. It hails from Mexico, where it can withstand temperatures as low as -10°C. This plant doesn’t have any spines, so potting it up is a breeze!

Mammillaria hahniana is a species of Mammillaria.

Old lady cactus is its common name.

Under a layer of white down, the globe-shaped stems and sharp spines are covered, and vivid pink blooms emerge in the spring. As a houseplant, this is a lovely cactus.

Ferocactus pilosus is a kind of cactus that grows in the United

Mexican fire barrel, Mexican lime cactus are common names for this plant.

The sharp red spines of this cactus are attached to a circular barrel-shaped stem that will ultimately develop into a tall plant. It might grow to be around 8 feet tall in a desert garden and make a striking statement. A container is also a good fit for the fire barrel.

Mammillaria haageana is a species of Mammillaria.

Mexican pincushion cactus is its common name.

This little cactus grows to around 6 inches tall and is found across its native Mexico. Pink blossoms peek out from behind a bed of white fluff. Mammillaria are excellent houseplants since they thrive in the temperature ranges seen in most households.

Mammillaria elongata is a species of Mammillaria.

Ladyfinger cactus is its common name.

The long cylindrical ‘fingers’ of this cactus are coated with orange star-shaped spines. It’s simple to cultivate and a great option for novices. The stems reach a length of around 8 inches.

Echinocereus cinarescens is a species of Echinocereus.

Hedgehog cactus is its common name.

The hedgehog cactus is a spiky cactus with beautiful magenta-pink blooms that grow to approximately 5 inches long and will thrive with minimal care. Excellent for adding color to containers and hanging flowers. Larger clusters will develop.

Basilaris Opuntia

Beavertail cactus is its common name.

This prickly pear cactus forms clusters that are approximately 4 feet broad and a foot tall, and grows low to the ground. Blue-green fleshy pads with brilliant pink blooms are formed like a beaver’s tail, thus the name! In rock gardens, it looks fantastic.

Schlumbergera truncata is a species of Schlumbergera.

Christmas cactus, holiday cactus, linkleaf cactus

One of my favorite houseplants. Flowering occurs from November through January, making this cactus an excellent Christmas present. They thrive in tiny pots and like to be in a confined space rather than a large one.

Echinocereus triglochidiatus is a species of Echinocereus.

Mojave mound cactus, Claret cup cactus

The claret cup, like other cacti, will take several years to attain its full potential, growing roughly 2 feet high and broad. This cactus is prized for its gorgeous red blossoms, which may reach a length of 4 inches. Flowering might take anywhere from 5 to 10 years.

Microdasys of Opuntia

Bunny ears cactus is its common name.

This is a cute cactus, which explains its popular name. The ear-shaped pads form pairs of ‘ears’ as they expand. When planted in the ground, they yield lovely light yellow blooms, however blossoms are less frequent on container-grown plants.

Pachanoid Trichocereus

San Pedro cactus is its common name.

San Pedro is a beautiful columnar cactus that may reach a height of 20 feet. This plant stands out in the environment and is ideal for a large desert or Mediterranean garden. At night, the blossoms bloom.


Ball cactus is its common name.

There are around 50 different species of Parodia. They are small and spherical, simple to cultivate, and give a dash of color to an indoor cactus collection. There are several hues to choose from. Some are alone, while others cluster together.

Celsian Oreocereus

Old man of the mountain, old man cactus are some of the common names for this plant.

The wooliness of this hairy-looking cactus shields it from UV radiation at altitudes of more than 10,000 feet in its native South America. Don’t be fooled by the elderly man’s nice woolly coat; deadly spines are hidden underneath it.

Stenocereus thurberi is a species of thurberi.

Organ pipe cactus is its common name.

One to grow in the open air. This amazing columnar cactus blooms white and reaches a height of more than 20 feet. Its popular name comes from its unusual many-limbed appearance. It isn’t nearly as tall as the Saguaro, which can be seen below. Bats fertilize the organ pipe cactus, which is quite interesting.

Cereus giganteus (giant cereus)

Saguaro cactus is its common name.

If you have a large desert or Mediterranean garden, the Saguaro is an excellent option, but keep in mind that it is a slow-growing cactus. In the first ten years, it may barely grow 1 inch. You can have a 6-foot cactus that begins to blossom after 70 years. These are extraordinary long-lived plants that may eventually reach a height of 40 feet.

Echinopsis backebergii is a kind of Echinopsis.

Carmine cob is the common name for this plant.

It’s grown for its spectacular blooms in brilliant red and violet hues. The carmine cob grows wild in the Bolivian and Peruvian highlands. This cactus prefers a chilly, dry environment. The plants are tiny and spherical, yet they produce enormous flowers.

Echinocactus grusonii is a kind of Echinocactus.

Golden barrel cactus, golden ball cactus, mother-in-seat law’s are all common names for the same plant.

Aren’t they amazing? Slow-growing barrels that stand out in any desert or rock garden. They look amazing when planted in groups with blue-green agaves that have pointed forms.

Are you ready to build your own desert garden? Continue reading:

The “indoor cactus plants” is a type of plant that can be kept indoors. They are often low-maintenance and easy to care for. There are 21 types of cactus plants with pictures.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many types of cactus plant are there?

A: There are 10 types of cactus plants.

How do I identify my cactus?

A: To identify your cactus, you have to be able to look at it. The leaves of the plant are usually long and thin while its flowers are bright yellow in color.

What are the 10 most popular cactus?

1. Opuntia ficus-indica
2. The Mexican Prickly Pear Cactus
3. Aizoaceae (spiny cacti)
4. Mammillaria elongata variegated spines and flowers, a desert plant native to the southern US states of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and California that blooms in springtime with yellow blossoms appearing on red stems when it reaches maturity at about 1 foot high

Related Tags

  • types of cactus with names
  • types of cactus house plants
  • common cactus types
  • types of outdoor cactus
  • tall cactus types

Emil Schoene

Born and raised in Austin, TX I come from a background of home renovation. By helping my family in my younger years with their construction business, I learned the ropes quickly and as I grew it became my passion that I still do today. Looking to share my knowledge with others. I invite you to leave comments on any post as I know you will have questions that you are not finding anywhere else.

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}